Updated: Jul 16, 2020
An image of the god Thoth, part of a bas-relief showing Ramses II kneeling before Amun, Mut and Khonsu in the mortuary temple of Ramses II, the Ramesseum, in the Theban necropolis. Thoth is behind the pharaoh, recording his name for eternity.
Thoth [ḏḥwtj in ancient Egyptian], whose main cult center was in Hermopolis Magna, is a versatile god with many different attributes. He is known as the god of wisdom who invented writing and languages. He is also the god of science and magic and he functions as the divine physician. Then he is a lunar deity, sometimes depicted with the lunar disc and crescent on his head, and also functions as scribe, interpreter, and adviser of the gods.
He is most often depicted as a man with the head of an ibis (as on this photo I took in the Ramesseum in January 2020) or a baboon, or in fact in the actual form of one of these two animals sacred to him.