Face of Akhenaten
Tonight we are back to Luxor, where we look at the detail of this magnificent sandstone statue of pharaoh Akhenaten (Amenhotep IV) from the 18th dynasty.
In the fifth year of his reign, he changed his name from Amenhotep (Amon Is Content) to Akhenaten (Beneficial to Aten). The same year he moved his capital to some 200 miles (300 km) north of Thebes - half-way between Thebes and Memphis - to a previously uninhabited site. The new capital was named Akhet-Aten (Horizon of the Aten).
The 17 years of his reign is referred to as the Amarna period, named after the present-day village, where the remains of Akhet-Aten were discovered. These years have seen dramatic changes in religion and arts, and also caused a loss of prestige and power of the Egyptian empire abroad.